Chủ đề Tourism/travel là một trong những chủ đề phổ biến trong đề thi IELTS Writing và Speaking. Và đây cũng là một chủ đề khá là đơn giản những không phải thi sinh nào gặp chủ đề này cũng đạt điểm cao. Trong bài viết ngày hôm nay, IELTS Lingo Connector sẽ mang đến cho bạn những bộ từ vựng thường dùng và bài viết mẫu trong chủ đề này. Hãy cùng tham khảo nhé!
1.Từ vựng chủ đề TOURISM/TRAVEL
- The host country (nước chủ nhà): a country that provides services, buildings, etc. for an event:
Ex: To mark the meeting, the host country also organised a festival of arts.
- Travel expenses (chi phí du lịch): money that your employer pays you because you are spending that amount on travel that is necessary for your work
- Tourist destinations (địa điểm du lịch): a place that people visit for pleasure and interest, usually while they are on holiday
- Exotic experience (trải nghiệm mới/ngoại): unusual and exciting because of coming (or seeming to come) from far away.
- Local / Indigenous (bản địa): operating or happening in the local area, not in other countries.
- Traditional (truyền thống): following or belonging to the customs or ways of behaving that have continued in a group of people or society for a long time without changing.
- Tourism industries (ngành du lịch): the set of industries which facilitate by providing infrastructure and products and services and make possible travelling for different purposes and travelling to places of leisure and business interests.
- Cultural and historical attractions (địa điểm du lịch lịch sử, văn hóa)
- The nation’s cultural heritage (di sản văn hóa quốc gia)
- Conflict/ tension (mâu thuẩn): a feeling of fear or anger between two groups of people who do not trust each other.
Ex: There are growing tensions between the locals and travelers.
- Broadens the mind/someone’s horizons (mở rộng tầm nhìn):
- Be ripped off (bị chặt chém): something that costs more than it is worth
- The language barrier (rào cản ngôn ngữ)
- Misunderstandings (hiểu nhầm)
- Local norms (quy chuẩn địa phương)
Ex: How do the newcomers adapt to the local norms already in place
- Hostility (sự thù gét): an occasion when someone is unfriendly or shows that they do not like something.
Ex: Local people showed open (= obvious) hostility to/towards their new visitors.
- Culture shock ( sốc văn hóa): a feeling of confusion felt by someone visiting a country or place that they do not know.
- Cuisine (ẩm thực): a style of cooking
- Green tourism = sustainable tourism = eco-tourism: du lịch sinh thái
- Mass tourism (du lịch đại trà): Mass tourism is the act of visiting a leisure destination with large amounts of people at one time.
- Cultural activities ( hoạt động văn hóa)
- National identity (bản sắc quốc gia): a sense of a nation as a cohesive whole, as represented by distinctive traditions, culture, and language.
Ex: “his country’s lack of an explicit national identity”
Khóa học IELTS online chỉ từ 3-4 học viên
2. Một số dạng đề và mẫu câu trả lời trong IELTS Writing Task 2
Question: International travel has many advantages to both travelers and the country visited.
Do you think advantages outweigh disadvantages?
Travelling abroad certainly exerts several positive influences on tourists as well as the host country. Although there are still drawbacks of international travel, I think its values are more significant.
On the one hand, the downsides of welcoming foreign visitors are varied. Regarding tourists themselves, travel expenses in famous tourist destinations, Venice for example, are expensive, and there are many complicated and tedious precondition steps such as visa application or plane ticket reservation. As for the countries that play host to international tourists, the rise in costs of living may lay much pressure on local people and be a detriment to domestic travel. This is because the growth in the number of tourists from abroad would encourage costs of hotel rooms and other services to increase. People in the neighborhood and domestic visitors would suffer in comparison.
On the other hand, I suppose the benefits of international travel would outnumber those analyzed disadvantages. First, travelers can have numbers of fascinating experiences of exotic cuisine and culture, and they get to see places they have not seen before. A typical example of this is when tourists from other countries come to Vietnam, they would have the opportunity to use chopsticks, enjoy traditional meals and go sightseeing in the countryside. Second, the increased number of foreign people coming to visit another country would evidently improve tourism industries, contributing greatly to the wealth of that country. If tourists enjoy their trips, they will recommend the destination to their friends or perhaps they will come back in the future.
In conclusion, it appears to me that the merits of international tourism are more notable than its drawbacks.
Question: Foreign visitors should pay more than local visitors for cultural and historical attractions. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
It is sometimes argued that tourists from overseas should be charged more than local residents to visit important sites and monuments. I completely disagree with this idea.
The argument in favour of higher prices for foreign tourists would be that cultural or historical attractions often depend on state subsidies to keep them going, which means that the resident population already pays money to these sites through the tax system. However, I believe this to be a very shortsighted view. Foreign tourists contribute to the economy of the host country with the money they spend on a wide range of goods and services, including food, souvenirs, accommodation and travel. The governments and inhabitants of every country should be happy to support important tourist sites and encourage people from the rest of the world to visit them.
If travellers realised that they would have to pay more to visit historical and cultural attractions in a particular nation, they would perhaps decide not to go to that country on holiday. To take the UK as an example, the tourism industry and many related jobs rely on visitors coming to the country to see places like Windsor Castle or Saint Paul’s Cathedral. These two sites charge the same price regardless of nationality, and this helps to promote the nation’s cultural heritage. If overseas tourists stopped coming due to higher prices, there would be a risk of insufficient funding for the maintenance of these important buildings.
In conclusion, I believe that every effort should be made to attract tourists from overseas, and it would be counterproductive to make them pay more than local residents.
Question: Nowadays, international tourism is the biggest industry in the world. Unfortunately, international tourism creates tension rather than understanding between people from different cultures. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
The growth of tourism and the numbers of people travelling to other countries for their vacations has led to debate as to whether this is beneficial. I believe that there are many problems which arise out of the tourist industry, and will examine these in detail.
Many people argue that travel broadens the mind. However, this statement does not fully hold water. I would argue that spending a few weeks in another country is not long enough to gain a proper understanding of an alien/exotic culture. A foreigner visiting Britain might be met with the traditional British reserve, and mistakenly conclude that the British are unfriendly. Furthermore, some people are unwilling to open their minds. A Western traveller to an Arab country is unlikely to consider that the veiling of women is acceptable.
Being a tourist in a foreign country brings with it problems that can lead to dislike of the native people. Firstly, a foreigner is vulnerable, and is often ripped off by locals. Secondly, the language barrier can lead to misunderstandings. Thirdly, tourists are often hassled/disturbed to buy goods, which can ruin a holiday. When I went to Bali, people tried to sell me something every five minutes, and this totally spoilt my sunbathing.
Local people also often end up disliking foreigners. Visitors may mistakenly act contrary to local norms, or they may just be plain offensive, as many drunken British holidaymakers must seem to the Spanish. Global tourism can lead to hostility from the native people, who may feel their traditional way of life is under threat. Additionally, the relative wealth of the foreign visitors can cause envy and resentment.
In conclusion, I would say that I largely agree with the argument that global tourism creates misunderstanding between people from different cultures, and that the differences are often a cause for conflict rather than celebration.
- Tourism plays an important role in building understanding between nations and individuals. Visiting other countries can lead to an appreciation of the local culture and helps build relationships between people leading to a better mutual understanding and a higher level of tolerance.
- Tourism questions usually focus on two key areas, whether locals should allow for cultural differences or whether tourists should conform to local customs or the impact that tourism has on the local culture and environment.
- Tourism is important for many countries because it is a key industry that provides a great deal of income and supports many businesses. When questions around whether locals should adjust to tourists and show greater tolerance to tourists or whether tourists should conform to local customs arise, it is clear that both locals and tourists need to make adjustments. Tourists may not understand all aspects of the culture of countries that they visit but need to ensure that they understand that they are guests and should behave accordingly. They need to ensure that they understand and comply with laws. Locals need to make sure that they are also tolerant of tourist’s misunderstandings and need to make allowances for them.
- Further questions focus on the impact of tourism on local culture. Tourism has the potential to damage important cultural sites and the environment. It is important that historical and scenic sites are protected for future generations, but at the same time tourists should be given access to sites to support local economies.
- Tourism also has a role to play in helping counties develop. It is a major industry that often plays a critical role in providing income to poorer nations. Tourism also supports local culture because visitors to other countries are often interested in local culture. This interest supports local handicrafts, performance and architecture and can lead to its preservation.
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