ĐỀ THI IELTS WRITING TASK 2 NGÀY 17/9/2020

Question: In many countries, plastic containers have become more popular than ever. They are used in many businesses, for example, food and drink industries. Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

There has been a tendency that using cheap and convenient materials like plastic has dominated the market, especially in the food and drink sectors. Although this trend facilitates a high-consumption society, I think that its potential risks are more obvious.

On the one hand, there are several significant advantages to plastic usage practices. One of the most evident benefits is that plastic is a durable and versatile material; thus, plastic-based containers do not normally take up much room and are easily discarded. For instance, it is much more advantageous (e.g. faster and easier) for consumers to fold several nylon bags and put them in trash bins after use, compared to paper bulky boxes. Furthermore, plastic containers are highly economical for both producers and consumers since the costs for producing them are relatively low. In this material world, when cost-effectiveness is prioritized, this is considered an expected outcome.

On the other hand, I think that the detrimental effects of using plastic far outnumber its convenience involved. To begin with, it is undoubted that the mass consumption of plastic-based products has caused long lasting environmental pollution, which is the first and most serious issue. To be more specific, it may take several centuries for used plastic containers to be completely dissolved, meaning they pile up there and release destructible chemicals severely contaminating soil and oceans. Another noticeable damage is that the overuse of plastic does harm the whole ecosystem. For example, particles from plastic debris in the soil can seep into the underground water which contributes to leading many living creatures on the verge of extinction. On the ground, many species have choked on or swallowed plastic straws or bags littered by humans and these disorders the animals’ digestive functions.

In short, while plastic containers are lucrative and convenient in some aspects, their severe risks are much more significant. Thus, it is high time that all governments and individuals took more radical and proactive measures to minimize this negative usage habit.

Outline

Body 1:

– durable and versatile material – not normally take up much room and easily discarded – to fold several nylon bags and put them in trash bins after use, compared to paper bulky boxes

– highly economical for both producers and consumers – cost-effectiveness is prioritized

Body 2

– the mass consumption of plastic-based products – environmental pollution – take several centuries for used plastic containers to be completely dissolved

– harm the whole ecosystem – soil can seep into the underground water – on the ground many species have choked on or swallowed plastic straws

Languages

– a high-consumption society: xã hội tiêu dùng cao

– durable and versatile: bền và linh hoạt

– take up: chiếm

– discarded: loại bỏ

– paper bulky boxes: hộp giấy cồng kềnh

– In this material world: trong thế giới vật chất (tiền)

– cost-effectiveness: hiệu quả kinh tế

– an expected outcome: hệ quả được mong đợi

detrimental: nghiêm trọng/ bất lợi

– the mass consumption: sản xuất hàng loạt

– long lasting: kéo dài

dissolved: hòa tan

– pile up: chất đống

– release destructible chemicals: thải ra chất hóa học mang tính hủy hoại

overuse: làm dụng

– seep into: thấm vào

– on the verge of extinction: trên bờ vực phá sản

– choked on or swallowed: mắt nghẹn hay hút

lucrative: mang tính lợi nhuận

– it is high time that all governments and individuals took more radical and proactive measures to minimize this negative usage habit: đây là thời điểm quan trọng để tất cả các chính phủ tiến hành các biện pháp chủ động và triệt để để giảm thiểu thói quen sử dụng tiêu cực này.

 

 

 

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