Giải đề thi IELTS Writing Task 2 ngày 6/8/2020

It is widely known that despite cars damage the environment, their manufacture and their use continue to increase. Why is the case? How can this be controlled?

 

It is generally the case that air pollution is serious problem facing humankind to date. Although people have widely acknowledged the negative effects of automobiles on their living environment, they keep on making and using it excessively. There are some potential reasons related to this trend, but many possible measures can be used to prevent it.

 

To begin with, many plausible reasonable grounds are leading to this situation. One of the main reasons is the flexibility of traveling by cars. In other words, this mode of transport does away with the hassles of having to book tickets, like trains or buses. As a result, commuters can go to work, shopping, and follow other pursuits at their convenience without depending on fixed schedules of public transportation systems. Another contributing factor is that private automobiles can bring a great sense of pleasure and comfort. To be more specific, people can also have touring holidays whenever and wherever they desire with their cars. Especially, some car models can be innovative with accommodation and other facilities to better serve people during their traveling.

 

However, some feasible measures could be used to tackle the problem of increased car production and use. The most effective solution could be stricter taxation policies. For example, governments should impose a particularly higher tax rate on vehicles with high emissions while providing the highest cost-benefits for consumers choosing a low-emission car model. Another practical approach should be raising the awareness of using alternative public transportation among people. For instance, there could be compulsory education programmes or regular public campaigns which aim at helping both youngsters and adults understand the potential harms of overusing cars and the benefits of the alternative means. By doing this, it is hoped that people will have more environmentally friendly travel choices and behaviours.

 

In conclusion, the flexibility and sense of pleasure are the two main driving forces that contribute to the constant use of automobiles. However, the problem can be handled by higher taxation actions and public awareness-raising, described above.

 

Hướng dẫn học

Phần màu đỏ là một template mẫu cho dạng CAUSE – SOLUTION, các bạn có thể sử dụng cho các Topic khác.

 

Outline (Plan ý)

Phần này rất quan trọng để viết mạch lạc, khi Plan ý mình cần làm cụ thể như bên dưới, mỗi cụm và Phrase như vậy là một câu trong phần Body. Khi các bạn viết sẽ tránh tình trạnh vừa viết vừa phải suy nghĩ, vừa chậm mạch tư duy vừa rất dễ bị lặp ý hoặc các câu không liên kết với nhau.

 

Reason 1: the flexibility – does away with the hassles of having to book – work, shopping, and follow other pursuits at their convenience without depending on public transportation systems

 

Reason 2: bring a great sense of pleasure and comfort – touring holidays whenever and wherever – innovative with accommodation and other facilities

 

Solution 1: stricter taxation policies – higher tax rate on vehicles with high emissions – providing the highest cost-benefits for consumers choosing a low-emission car model

 

Solution 2: raising the awareness of using alternative public transportation – compulsory education programmes – have more environmentally friendly travel choices

 

Useful language:

 

Excessively: in a way that is too much

Measure: a way of achieving something, or a method for dealing with a situation

Grounds: reasons/ driving forces

Do away with something:  to get rid of or destroy something

Plausible: seeming likely to be true, or able to be believed

Flexibility: the ability to change or be changed easily according to the situation

Hassle: a situation that causes difficulty or trouble

Innovative: using new methods or ideas

Feasible: able to be made, done, or achieved

Taxation: the system of taxing people

Impose: to officially force a rule, tax

Compulsory: If something is compulsory, you must do it because of a rule or law

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