Tổng hợp các IDIOMS theo từng chủ đề giúp bạn nâng band IELTS SPEAKING

IDIOMS được xem là một trong những yếu tố giúp cho bạn đạt điểm cao trong phần tiếng anh của mình. Trong kỳ thi IELTS Speaking nếu bạn có sử dụng idioms thì chắc chắn rằng giám khảo sẽ đánh giá rất cao về phần thi của , và bài nói của bạn sẽ cao hơn rất nhiều nếu sử dụng idioms một cách phù hợp. Trong bài viết ngày hôm nay, IELTS Lingo sẽ chia sẻ đến cho bạn những idioms mà bạn có thể áp dụng để có phần nói của mình thêm phần thú vị nhé!

Tổng hợp các IDIOMS theo từng chủ đề 

1.Topic – Education:

  • Fall behind: chậm hoặc thua kém so với các bạn cùng lớp

Example: Being addicted to video games makes me fall behind in my class.

  • Catch up: làm bù để bắt kịp những việc bị lỡ (nghỉ học bị mất bài)

Example: I have been trying to catch up on the assignment from last week.

  • Go over: ôn lại bài

Example:  I always go over my revision notes before I take the exam.

  • Read up on: nghiên cứu, học kỹ lưỡng về vấn đề nào đó

Example: If you are interested in taking another course in college, you should read up on it before deciding.

  • Drop out: bỏ học nửa chừng

Example: Nowadays, many students drop out of college to work and support their families.

  • Hand in/Turn in: nộp bài

Example: I handed my assignment in late as usual.

  • Sum up: tóm tắt/tổng kết

Example: After each lesson, it’s necessary to sum up the main points

2. Topic – Family and Friends:

  • Get along – có một mối quan hệ tốt với ai đó

Example: I found it hard to get along with my cousins, because they always said some very belligerent things.

  • Get together – tụ hợp với nhau, họp mặt

Example:  In the weekend, my family usually hosts a get-together for our relatives to come and have dinner.

  • Grow apart – nói về mối quan hệ không còn thân thiết như xưa

Example:  As we got older, we just grew apart.

  • Look after – nói về sự chăm sóc cho một ai đó.

Example:  In my country, it is a tradition that the young look after the old in the family.

  • Settle down – ổn định cuộc sống (thường nói sau khi kết hôn, muốn có cuộc sống ổn định)

Example:  After marriage, my husband and I will look for a peaceful place to settle down.

  • Split up – kết thúc một mối quan hệ với ai đó (li dị hoặc không còn sống chung với nhau nữa)

Example:  Several years ago, my parents had splitted up and my mom decided to move to America.

  • Pass away – khi nói về một người đã mất

Example:  My dad passed away 15 years ago.

  • Grow up – trưởng thành, lớn lên

Example:  My children have all grown up and left home now.

3. Topic –Environment

  • Clean up – dọn dẹp

Example: The residents around the area helped cleaned up the beaches after an oil spillage.

  • Cut down – chặt cây

Example: Deforestation requires high considerations since many trees has been cutting down for the last several years.

  • Dry up – nóng quá dẫn đến bốc hơi, có khi biến mất

Example: Due to prolonged periods of drought, many areas and rivers have dried up.

  • Dispose of – vứt bỏ

Example: The nuclear waste must be disposed of properly to avoid harmful chemical for human.

  • Heat up – làm nóng lên

Example: The sun is heating up the Earth’s surface.

  • Use up – sử dụng

Example: Humans have been using up the Earth’s resources.

  • Wipe out – xóa bỏ, xóa khỏi

Example: Natural disaster had wiped out many valuable properties in Japan.

  • Throw away – vứt bỏ

Example: People needs to develop a habit of not throwing away trash on the street.

4. Topic – Travel and Holidays

  • Drop off someone/something– đưa ai hoặc cái gì đó đến nơi nào hoặc chở đến đó

Example: I really appreciated the man who dropped me off at the airport.

  • Pick someone up – đón một ai đó từ một địa điểm nhất định

Example: My dad was waiting to pick me up when my flight landed.

  • Check in – làm thủ tục nhận phòng ở khách sạn hoặc sân bay

Example: It was my first time to check in such a luxury resort.

  • Look forward to – mong đợi, trông mong làm một việc gì đó

Example: I’m looking forward to hearing your news as soon as possible.

  • Take off – khi máy bay cất cánh

Example: My favourite moment on the airplane when it takes off.

  • Look around – nhìn xung quanh

Example: I would prefer to travel by motobike on short journeys so I could look around the stunning sights during the trip.

  • Get in – máy bay hạ cánh đến địa điểm nào đó

Example: The airplane gets in around 8 pm.

  • Get away – đi đến một nơi nào đó để nghỉ ngơi, nghỉ dưỡng

Example: Last summer, I got away for a short trip to London.

  • Stop over – dừng chân ở một nơi nào đó trong một khoảng thời gian ngắn

Example: Every time I travel to America, I stop over in Japan for a few days to enjoy its traditional cuisine.

5. Topic – Weather

  • Clear up – thường dùng cho trời quang mây tạnh sau những cơn mưa

Example: According to the weather forecast, it will clear up later in the day.

  • Cool down – sự dịu lại sau cơn nắng gay gắt

Example: After the pouring rain, the temperature has cooled down a little.

  • Come out – nói về sự xuất hiện của mặt trời, mặt trăng, hoặc là ngôi sao trên bầu trời

Example: As we were about to leave the campsite, the sun came out.

  • Go in – nói về sự biến mất của mặt trời sau những đám mây mà không thể nhìn thấy

Example: The sun had gone in and it was starting to get darker.

  • Warm-up – khi thời tiết trở nên ấm áp hơn

Example: I love spring because the weather starts to warm up.

  • Blow up – nói về cơn gió mạnh hoặc cơn bão mạnh kéo tới bất chợt hoặc sự thổi tung vật gì đó với gió mạnh

Example: During the storm, many trees were blown up by the vigorous wind.

  • Cloud over – khi mây xuất hiện và che hết mặt trời

Example: The weather in my city is usually pleasant but sometimes it clouds over.

  • Pour down – mưa to

Example: All of a sudden, the rain starts to pour down and everyone is seeking for shelter.

  • Rained off – khi những sự kiện ngoài trời (outdoor activities) bị hoãn lại do trời mưa

Example: You should plan ahead and listen to the weather forecast in case things get rained off.

  • Snow in – khi không thể ra ngoài hay di chuyển do tuyết dày đặt (dùng khi nói về những chuyến du lịch của mình ở nước ngoài)

Example: I got snowed in for days on my trip to Korea last month.

6. Topic – Food/Cooking

  • Boil down – đun sôi, hoặc nấu cho đặc lại

Example: My mom boiled down the leftover sauce to make it more flavorsome.

  • Boil over – đun sôi và làm tràn

Example: Jenny was cooking her chicken noodles soup on high heat and it boiled over.

  • Chop up – chặt nhỏ, băm nhỏ

Example: The chef is chopping up the truffle mushroom for his signature dish.

  • Cut back – giảm bớt, cắt bớt khẩu phần ăn

Example: Steve is lactose intolerance and he has to cut back on dairy.

  • Eat out – ăn hàng, nhà hàng, hàng quán

Example: My family and I eat out once a week on Sunday.

  • Whip up – chuẩn bị bữa ăn trong thời gian ngắn (thường sử dụng trong trường hợp khách đến nhà bất ngờ và mình chưa có sự chuẩn bị)

Example: My family had surprise visitors yesterday, but my mom managed to whip up a light meal for them.

  • Cut out – tỉa gọt để tạo hình

Example: After preparing the fruits, my sister cut them out to decorate for the dessert dish.

7. Topic – Work

  • Carry out – làm một việc nào đó

Example: The crews are planning a five-hour spacewalk to carry out necessary repair work on the shuttle.

  • Take over – tiếp quản, giành lấy quyền điều khiển

Example: In the next few years, ABC Company will take over the small businesses.

  • Take on – mướn, thuê thêm người mới

Example: Our company is taking on new staffs at the moment.

  • Hand in – nộp, báo cáo công việc, hoặc giấy tờ

Example: John has already handed in his report.

  • Layoff – sa thải

Example: Due to bankruptcy, the company has to layoff 200 employees.

  • Call off – gọi xin nghĩ làm (gấp và không báo trước vài ngày)

Example: Jenny’s daughter admitted to the hospital this morning, so she decided to call off from work.

  • Slack off – lười làm việc và làm việc không có năng lượng

Example: Most of the workers usually slack off on Friday

8. Topic – Free time/ Hobbies

  • Chill out/rest up – thư giãn/nghỉ ngơi

Example: At the end of the year, many people decided to go on vacations to rest up and chill out after a competitive season. 

  • Take up – bắt đầu một sở thích nào đó

Example: I took up volleyball as I felt I had to lose some weight.

  • Get into – bắt đầu quan tâm về việc nào đó

Example: I believe that when you get into a particular kind of work or activity then you will manage to become involved in it. 

  • Give up – từ bỏ hoàn toàn một sở thích/hoạt động/thói quen nào đó

Example: He suffered a serious injury that obliged him to give up on playing soccer.

  • Join in – tham gia vào

Example: In the summer, I usually engage in outdoor activities by joining in community service group.

  • Hang out – đi chơi

Example: In my leisure time, I usally hang out with my friends at the shopping mall.

  • Keep up – tiếp tục một sở thích/hoạt động nào đó

Example: We often start different hobbies throughout our life, but we don’t always keep them up for very long.

Tổng hợp các phrasal Verbs theo từng chủ đề

1. Topic – Driving

  • pull up beside – drive next to and stop
  • Fill up – Put petrol/gas in
  • Knock down someone – hit someone with your car
  • Run into Something – Collide with Something
  • Pull out – move out from the side of the road
  • Speed up – go faster
  • Slow down – Reduce speed
  • Get in a car – Leave the car
  • Drive off- Start driving
  • Move away – Drive from that spot

2. Topic – Education

  • To drop out – to quit
  • Be into something – like something
  • To go over notes – to look at notes
  • Fall behind – not up to date with a subject
  • Hand out papers – distribute papers
  • Hand in papers – give in papers
  • Copy out – write the notes by copying them
  • Read up on – rearch
  • Kicked out of school – Asked to leave school for good
  • Look through a book – scan the book
  • Look up – Research information
  • Take on ta project – start a project
  • Get across your point – convey/ say your point

3. Topic – Environment

  • Wipe out – make extinct
  • Use up – use all of
  • Drive down – Reduce
  • Phase out – make disappear
  • Freeze over- become frozen
  • Lobby for – protest for
  • Put out – Make public
  • Break down – Decompose
  • Scale back – Make smaller
  • Balance out – cut down trees
  • Cut down – reduce
  • Die out – species ends

4. Topic – Food

  • Eat out – eat in a restaurant
  • Order in – order delivered food
  • Take out – take food/drinks to go
  • Tuck in – start eating the food
  • Chop up vegetables – cut vegetables
  • Whip up a meal – Make a meal
  • Pig out – eat a lot (informal)
  • Cut back on cheese – eat less cheese
  • Bolt down a sandwich – eat a sandwich quickly
  • Go out to eat- leave home
  • Wipe down a table – clean a table
  • Share out food – divide the food between people
  • Divide up the pizza – share it out

5. Topic – Family and Friends

  • look up to – admire
  • hang out – spend time together
  • to grow up – to mature
  • to bring up – to raise someone
  • get on with someone – enjoy their company
  • take after someone – be like someone
  • fall out with someone – have a disagreement with someone
  • look after someone- take care of them
  • take care of someone – protect and look after them
  • meet up with someone – visit/see them
  • get together with someone – meet with them
  • grow apart – differences appear in the relationship over time
  • be named after you father – have your father’s name

6. Topic – Health

  • get over – recover from an illness
  • put on weight – gain weight
  • take up something – start doing something e.g exercise
  • cut out something – remove something from your life/diet
  • give up something – remove something from your life/diet
  • build your strength up – gain strength/health
  • pass out – go unconscious
  • come round – gain consciousness
  • work out – exercise
  • throw up – vomit
  • pull through – survive
  • pass away – die
  • fight off an illness – recover from it

7. Topic – Hobbies

  • take up – start a hobby
  • take part – attend
  • join in – attend
  • sign up – to join
  • work out- put in work
  • go out – leave home
  • work on – put in work
  • go out – leave home
  • go out – leave home
  • stay in – stay home
  • chill out – relax
  • wind down – relax
  • switch off- relax

8. Topic – Technology

  • log in – enter you details
  • sign in – enter you details
  • set up – get things started
  • turn on – power up
  • pull down – action of moving something down
  • drop down – action of something moving down
  • click on – select
  • scroll up – move the mouse down
  • scroll down – move the mouse down
  • print out – print onto paper
  • back up- make a copy of
  • shut down – prepare to turn off
  • turn off- turn power off

9. Topic – Travel

  • take off- when a plane leaves and begines to fly
  • get in- when a plane arrives on a airport
  • get away – to leave to go somewhere for a break or holiday
  • get on – to climb on board
  • look around – to explore whtat is near you, in your area
  • see off – to go the place someone is leaving from to say goodbye
  • look forward – to look forward to something that is going to happen in the future
  • drop off – to take someone to a place and leave them there
  • check in – to register at a hotel
  • check out – to leave and pay for your stay at a hotel
  • pick up – to collect someone/ something
  • set off – to start a journey

10. Topic – Education

  • to drop out – to quit
  • be into something  – like something
  • to go over notes – to look at notes
  • fall behind – not up to date with a subject
  • hand out papers – distribute papers
  • hand in papers – give in papers
  • copy out – write the notes by copying them
  • read up on – research
  • kichked out of school – asked to leave school for good
  • look through a book – scan the book
  • look uop – research infromation
  • take on a project – start a project
  • get across your point – convey/say your point

11. Topic – Environment 

  • wipe out – make extinct
  • use up- use all of
  • drive down – reduce
  • phase out -make disappear
  • freeze over – become frozen
  • lobby for – fortest for
  • put out – make smaller
  • balance out – make more equal
  • chop down – cut down trees
  • cut down – reduce
  • die out- species ends

Để cho phần thi Speaking của mình diễn tả một cách tự nhiên và thú vị hơn, thì bạn nên áp dụng thêm những idioms hoặc phrase verb vào trong phần thi của mình. Tuy nhiên các bạn không  nên quá lạm dụng, mà cần phải sử dụng các cụm từ đó phù hợp. IELTS Lingo hy vọng rằng với những chia sẻ trên sẽ giúp các bạn có thêm được thật nhiều kiến thức trong quá trình học tập và ôn luyện. Chúc các bạn thành công.

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