Tổng hợp các bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 – BUSINESS

Business là một chủ đề xuất hiện nhiều trong đề thi IELTS Writing Task 2. Trong bài viết này, IELTS Lingo sẽ tổng hợp lại những mẫu câu hỏi và từ vựng tốt nhất đã được tiến sĩ Dane Trương cùng đội ngũ giáo viên biên soạn ra những mẫu câu trả lời hay nhất. Cùng tìm hiểu ngay nhé!

Vocabulary trong chủ đề Business

  • Collective level (tập thể) [Noun] (done by people acting as a group).

Ex: This problem must be solved on a collective level, not an individual level.

  • Build up [Verb] (to develop).

Ex: It is important for companies to build up a good relationship with their clients/customers.

Ex: If you want to sell more, you have to build up a good relationship with your customers.

  • Indispensable [Adjective] (absolutely necessary or essential; very important).

Ex: His assistance is indispensable to our success.

  • Maximize customer satisfaction [Expression] (maximize customer happiness).

Ex: You can maximize customer satisfaction and increase revenue by delivering what is valuable to your customers.

  • Make it to the top [Expression] (to be very successful).

Ex: There is only one way to make it to the top: hard work.

  • Revenue [Noun] (the amount of money which a company receives from its business).

Ex: The company is looking for another source of revenue.

Ex: The revenue from the bond sale was used to improve several bridges in the city.

  • To make the most of something [Expression] (to exploit something as much as possible).

Ex: He planned to make the most of his trip to England

  • To allocate somebody something (phân bổ) [Expression] (to officially distribute something or someone for a particular purpose).

Ex: The government has refused to allocate the funds needed to hire more teachers.

  • (To) upgrade (nâng cấp) [Verb] (to improve something so that it would be more powerful, efficient, better, etc).

Ex: The funds will be used to upgrade and repair the building.

  • Adjustment (điều chỉnh) [Noun] (a small change to make something better).

Ex: Real wages have decreased after the adjustment for inflation.

  • (To) incorporate (tích hợp) [Verb] (to include something so that it forms a part of something else).

Ex: You can incorporate this document with the others.

  • Enterprises [Noun] (companies, businesses, corporations).

Ex: Small enterprises are feeling the squeeze of inflation.

  • To generate [Verb] (to produce or create something).

Ex: generate cash/income/revenue

These measures will increase the firm’s ability to generate income.

  • Charitable donations [Noun] (money given to nonprofit organizations which help the poor or people in need of help).

Ex: The charitable donations of profits and resources given by corporations to nonprofit organizations.

  • An entrepreneur [Noun] (a person who makes profits by organizing and operating a business or businesses).

Ex: John is an entrepreneur who built a massive company through hard work.

  • Imbalance [Noun] (the state of being out of proportion or distribution, in a way that causes problems).

Ex: The imbalance between the import and export figures can only be solved by reducing imports.

  • Run out (hết) [Verb] (to be used up or finished; come to an end).

Ex: She has run out of her money.

  • Guarantee [Verb] (a promise that something will be done or will happen).

Ex: There is no guarantee that money will bring happiness.

  • To fund [Verb] (to provide money for something official or for a particular purpose).

Ex: The cost of the statue was funded by contributions from both the French and the Americans.

  • Prosperity [Noun] (the state of being successful, especially in financial respects).

Ex: Our future prosperity depends on economic growth.

  • Counterproductive (tác dụng phụ) [Adjective] (having an opposite result or effect to the result that you want or desire).

Ex: Increases in taxation would be counterproductive.

  • Save up [Verb] (to save money for future use).

Ex: He is saving (up) for a new car.

  • Budget [Noun] (the amount of money that someone has available to spend).

Ex: She did not buy the item because it did not fit her budget.

  • Afford [Verb] (to have enough money to buy something).

Ex: We can afford to go to London this summer.

  • Economize [Verb] (to save money by spending less money than you normally do).

Ex: He was short of money and had to economize greatly.

  • Deficit (thâm hụt) :the total amount by which money spent is more than money received:

Ex: The country is running a balance-of-payments/budget/trade deficit of $250 million.

  • Inflate (lạm phát) (Verb): to increase the value or price of something, or to become more valuable or expensive:

Inflation

Ex: People who bought homes years ago have seen the values inflate and property taxes rise with the inflation.

Tổng hợp một số dạng đề và mẫu câu trả lời trong IELTS Writing Task 2

Essay Question: As well as making money, businesses also have social responsibilities. Do you agree or disagree?

In the modern busy life, responsibility to the public/ society has played an integral role in the development for both individuals and enterprises. Many adopt that businesses should only contribute to their economic boom without regarding the social concerns. For my own perspective, generating profits and social duties are equally important.

On the one hand, people recognize that firms need to make money to survive in this competitive world. Firstly, it is logical that the top priority of any company should be to cover its running costs, such as employee’s salary and office rental. Only by satisfying these expenditures can entrepreneurs generate innovations and makes more improvement in their businesses. Secondly, the expansion of businesses can effectively help the government to mitigate the problem of unemployment. In other words, a great number of employees are always needed in the process of expanding any company. Finally, if enterprises generate more money, they will pay more taxes to the government. As a consequence, the authority can use this capital to spend on key fields to enhance the quality of life of the whole community.

On the other hand, there are some strong reasons why businesses should accept that make contributions to the society. One reason is that enterprises must concern about environmental contamination because their production has direct negative impacts on the surrounding. A typical example is that if many factories in industrial zones installed wastewater system instead of discharging chemical waste directly into lakes and rivers, water degradation could be controlled. Another reason is that there are various simple measures that firms can take to contribute to the society. For example, they can carry out some charitable activities such as providing scholarships. As a result, not only may they help those who are less fortunate but they also enhance their image.

In conclusion, enterprises should place as much importance on their social obligations as they do on their financial goals.

Sample 2

It is true that besides generating money, companies also need to take responsibility for social issues. I completely agree with this idea.

On the one hand, there are some reasons why businesses are the importance of making money. One reason is that company with prosperity can boost the country’s development. For example, if companies make/ earn more money, they pay more taxes; as a result, the government can spend these budget on hospitals, schools, and other services. Furthermore, businesses which make a huge amount of money can expand and provide more jobs. For instance, nowadays there are a lot of youngsters unemployed, so thanks to the expansion, these businesses could give them countless opportunities to have a job.

Apart from the practical benefits expressed above, I believe that businesses should accept that they have social responsibilities. Firstly, a business must not harm the environment. Without controls, some factories discharged raw wastes, gases and poison onto the land, the air and the river, which result in the environmental degradation. Secondly, businesses which make profits should put money back into the community through charity and financial scholarship. As a result, increasing number of homeless people could have an adequate amount of food and sweater, poor/ underprivileged students could have much more motivation to keep their study.

In conclusion, I believe that it is important for firms to make money to cover their cost, but they must also have responsibilities in social life.

Essay

Multinational companies are becoming increasingly common in developing countries. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?.

Multinational enterprises have been increasingly popular in today’s business world. It is claimed that these enterprises provide plenty of opportunities for host countries; simultaneously, they are also pregnant with certain drawbacks for local businesses and the environment.

The activities of transitional corporations can create a significant economic boost for less developed nations. Firstly, thanks to projects concerning the construction of factories and infrastructure, more jobs and trainings for local people are created. Secondly, due to their activities, these corporations help other nations improve economic governance as well as broaden export and import, which enables them to gain further integration into global economy. From the international perspective, the activities of transnational companies also contribute to hunger eradication and poverty alleviation in developing countries. Additionally, the local industry can get access to higher technology from foreign countries through transitional companies, which helps improve its technological parameter.

On the other hand, multinational enterprises obviously have negative impacts on the local community. First, the jobs that they create are not permanent because these enterprises could relocate to another country, which is caused by management barriers in the host nation. Second, in developing economies, large multinational companies can have greater competitive advantages than local firms which may lead to the latter becoming broke. Last but not least, in order to maximize profits, transitional corporations often contribute to pollution in the local areas, which puts the environment under threat.

To summarize, despite the inevitable negative impacts when setting up business in other nations, transitional enterprises are evidently appealing to and are welcomed by the nations provided that their practices also respond to their social responsibilities apart from making money.

Homework

  • Globalization has many positive effects on world’s economy but the negative effects of it cannot be forgotten.
  • Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

Trên đây là tổng hợp những mẫu trả lời trong chủ đề Business mà IELTS Lingo đã tổng hợp lại. Chúc các bạn học tập tốt và đạt được band điểm cao trong kỳ thi IELTS của mình!

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